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Properties of Acids, Bases, and Salts
OUTLINE:

I. Macroscopic
Perspectives

A. Introduction/Safety
B. Properties - taste
C. Properties - litmus
indicators
D. Properties - reactivity
E. Properties
- conductivity

II. Molecular Concepts
A. Atomic Structure of
Hydrogen
B. Solutions

III. Acids and Bases
Defined
A. Arrhenius Model
B. Ionization-hydroxide
and hydronium ions
C. The Chemistry of
Water
D. Ion Product Const. Kw
E. Equilibrium Expression
Molarity
F. Arrhenius Limitations
G. Bronsted-Lowry Model
H. Lewis Model
I. Classes of Acids
J. Acid Effects on Ion
Concentrations

III. pH
A. Molarity and pH
B. The pH Scale
C. Calculating pH
D. Calculating H+ and pH
from OH-
Concentrations
IV. Interactions of Acids
& Bases

A. Strong Acids
B. Acid Dissociation
Constant Ka
C. Strong Bases
D. Base Dissociation
Constant Kb
E. Neutralization
F. Amphoteric Compounds
G. Conjugate Acids & Bases

V. Salts
A. Salt Formation
B. Characteristics of Salts
C. Properties of Salts - crystalline
structure
D. Properties of Salts - melting
point
E. Properties of Salts - conductivity
F. Common Salts

VI. Acids & Bases & the
Environment
A. Acid Rain Formation
B. Effects of Acid Rain

VIII. Conclusion

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Interesting Facts:

The flowers of hydrongea plants are blue when grown in acidic soil and red when grown in basic soil.

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